Tax-related identity theft happens when someone steals your personal information to commit tax fraud. Your taxes can be affected if your Social Security number is used to file a fraudulent return or to claim a refund or credit.


Information for Individuals

Protect Yourself
Learn about the warning signs and what you can do to safeguard your Social Security number.

What to Do if You are a Victim
If your Social Security number is compromised and you know or suspect you are a victim of tax-related identity theft, the IRS recommends these additional steps.

Information for

How We Combat Identity Theft

Security Summit
The IRS, state tax agencies and private industry partner to detect, prevent and deter tax-related identity theft and fraud.

Phishing and Online Scams
The IRS doesn't initiate contact with taxpayers by email, text messages or social media channels to request personal or financial information.

IRS Commissioner Urges Taxpayers to Protect Their Data

Avoid Phishing Emails

Easy Steps to Protect Your Computer and Phone